Pinchas
Numbers 25:10-29:40
1 Kings 18:35-19:21
John 2:13-22


This parsha begins with a very important declaration. ‘Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 11 “Phineas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, has turned back My wrath from the children of Israel, because he was zealous with My zeal among them, so that I did not consume the children of Israel in My zeal.’ Numbers 25:10-11
     It is Adonai’s zeal, not his own zeal.  How often do we charge ahead in our zeal, not asking for the zeal of God or His Will.  The Torah is God’s zeal, ‘For He put on righteousness as a breastplate,
And a helmet of salvation on His head; He put on the garments of vengeance for clothing,
and was clad with zeal as a cloak.’ Isaiah 59:17.
    Directly after the actions of Pinchas, Adonai declares he will be given a covenant of peace. ‘Therefore say, ‘Behold, I give to him My covenant of peace; 13 and it shall be to him and his descendants after him a covenant of an everlasting priesthood, because he was zealous for his God, and made atonement for the children of Israel.’ Numbers 25:12-13.
     Isaiah 9:6-7
speaks of The Covenant of Peace due to God’s zeal. The Covenant of Peace is a direct result of the zeal of Adonai – not our own version.
‘For unto us a Child is born,
Unto us a Son is given;
And the government will be upon His shoulder.
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of His government and peace
There will be no end,
Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
From that time forward, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.’

     Later on in this parsha, in Numbers 27 we read: ‘Then came the daughters of Zelophehad….they stood before Moses, before Eleazar the priest, and before the leaders and all the congregation, by the doorway of the tabernacle of meeting, saying: “Our father died in the wilderness; but he was not in the company of those who gathered together against the Lord, in company with Korah, but he died in his own sin; and he had no sons. Why should the name of our father be removed from among his family because he had no son? Give us a possession among our father’s brothers.” Numbers 27:1-4.
   
They were clear regarding the character of their father, that he had not been in the ‘company of Korach’.  Inheritance is a gift…
     Psalm 16:5 ‘The Lord is the portion of my inheritance and my cup; You support my lot.’
     Colossians 1:12 ‘…giving thanks to the Father, who has qualified us to share in the inheritance of the followers of Messiah in Light.’
     Isaiah 61:7 ‘Instead of your shame you will have a double portion, and instead of humiliation they will shout for joy over their portion. Therefore they will possess a double portion in their land, everlasting joy will be theirs.
     Psalm 2:8 ‘Ask of Me, and I will surely give the nations as Your inheritance, and the very ends of the earth as Your possession.’
     Revelation 21:7 He who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son.’
     Ephesians 1:14 ‘…who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God’s own possession, to the praise of His glory.’
     Numbers 28-29 explains the offerings of the High Holy Days: The Daily Offerings, Shabbat, The Monthly Offerings, Pesach, Shavuot, Yom Teruah, Yom Kippur, and Sukkot,
    The zeal of Adonai is a covenant of peace, an inheritance and the offerings.
    We are to have and use His zeal. We are given The Covenant of Peace. We receive the inheritance. For this we offer to Adonai during His appointed times, which truly represent His zeal, His Covenant of Peace and The Inheritance!

 

 

 


 


   

 


 

 

 

 

 

 


    

 

   פִּינְחָס
Pinchas
Numbers 25:10-30:1
HafTorah 1 Kings 18:46-19:21
Brit Chadasha John 2:13-22

     Numbers 25:18 ‘…for they distressed you with their trick with which they deceived you in the matter of Pe’or and in the matter of Kozbi, the daughter of a leader of Midyan, their sister who was killed in the day of the plague because of Pe’or.’ The Israelites had merged with the Moabites and the Moabite women, unifying and then uniting emotionally, spiritually and sexually. They had become one. Numbers 25:3 ‘So Israel was joined to Baal of Peor, and the anger of the Lord was aroused against Israel.’
      Having failed to curse the Israelites, Bilaam eventually devised a strategy that succeeded. He couldn’t curse them – so he would cause them to sin. He persuaded the Moabite women to seduce Israelite men and then lure them into idolatry. This caused Divine anger, and a plague broke out among the Israelites. To make matters worse Zimri, a leader of the tribe of Shimon, brought a Midianite woman into the camp where they engaged in intimacy. Pinchas took the initiative and stabbed them, killing them both simultaneously.  This ended the behavior and the plague by which 24,000 Israelites had already died. That is the story of Pinchas.
     He was not just a zealot, but he was zealous with God’s zeal, Numbers 25:
11Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 11 “Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, has turned back My wrath from the children of Israel, because he was zealous with My zeal among them, so that I did not consume the children of Israel in My zeal. 12 Therefore say, ‘Behold, I give to him My covenant of peace; 13 and it shall be to him and his descendants after him a covenant of an everlasting priesthood, because he was zealous for his God, and made atonement for the children of Israel.’ 
     To be zealous for something – to be exuberant, to have passion for, to have enthusiasm. We all have zeal for something, but the one thing to have zeal for that will give us a covenant of peace- is the zeal that we have for God and His Word.
     We must be zealous in seeking Torah and God, Hosea 6:3; ‘And we will know, we will run to God.’ We must be zealous in seeking God’s righteousness, Deuteronomy 16:20; ‘Righteousness, righteousness, you shall pursue.’ We must be zealous in seeking God’s peace, Psalm 34:15; ‘Seek peace and pursue it.’ We must be zealous in separating ourselves from the company of the wicked, Proverbs 24:1-2; ‘Do not envy the wicked, do not desire their company; for their hearts plot violence, and their lips talk about making trouble.’ We must be zealous in our hearing Revelation 2:7; ‘He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the midst of the Paradise of God.”
    We must have zeal for the House of God as Yeshua says in John 2:13-17; ‘Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers doing business. 15 When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers’ money and overturned the tables. 16 And He said to those who sold doves, “Take these things away! Do not make My Father’s house a house of merchandise!” 17 Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.” He is quoting Psalm 69:7-9 ‘Because for Your sake I have borne reproach;
Dishonor has covered my face.
I have become estranged from my brothers
And an alien to my mother’s sons.
For zeal for Your house has consumed me,
And the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on me.’
    
   

 


    

 

 

 

פִּינְחָס
Pinchas Numbers 25:10-30:1
HafTorah
Brit Chadasha
       Pinchas the Zealot...
  
     In this parsha, we see defining character traits of one against and one for.  The difference between the two characters is so extreme that we should pray to be like one and pray to never be like the other.
     Having failed to curse the Israelites, Balaam comes up with a plan that succeeded. He persuaded the Moabite women to seduce the Israelite men and then lure them into idolatry. This obviously evoked the anger of Adonai and the plague broke out which eventually killed 24,000 Israelites.  Zimri, a leader in the tribe of Shimon brought a Midianaite woman into the camp where they flagrantly engaged in relations. This is where Pinchas stopped the plague by thrusting a spear through both into the ground. Pinchas the Zealot.
     At a time when Jezebel was bringing Ba’al worship into the kingom and building a pagan temple while plotting to kill the prophets of the Lord, Elijah announces there will be a drought to punish Ahab and the Ba’al worshipping nation.  When he is confronted by Ahab, Elijah challenges him with a test to burn their sacrifice with their gods and his sacrifice with The God.  As nothing happens to their sacrifice, Elijah mocks their gods, and then instructs water to be doused on his sacrifice. Calling on The Lord, fire descends from heaven consuming the sacrifice. The people cry out “The Lord He is God, The Lord He is God!”  Words we say at Yom Kippur to this day.  Elijah the Zealot.
   In early first century AD some sought to overthrow Rome through force and believed that the coming Messiah would bring such a victory. Matthew 10:2-4 ‘Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed Him.’  Acts 1:13 ‘And when they had entered, they went up into the upper room where they were staying: Peter, James, John, and Andrew; Philip and Thomas; Bartholomew and Matthew; James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot; and Judas the son of James.’  Simon the Zealot.
     What is the zeal about?  We often misplace the use of zeal and are zealous for a cause, or our cause. However, unless our zeal points to Adonai, then the zeal is futile and will be short lived, eventually succumbing to ruin.  Is this what could be happening in the world today?  Everyone is zealous for their own ideology, thoughts and desires. Fighting one another for their interpretations of what should be. Eventually, this all implodes. Only if our zeal was for The Lord of Heaven – then we truly live. Zeal comes from the correct vision. We have to see truly what we are zealous for. What is the end result of our zealousness? If it is self-motivated we perish. But if our zeal is directly pointed to God and His ways, our vision is clear. We must use our vision to see that without God and His total plan, His Ways, we are living in death. With God we live.  Proverbs 29:18 ‘Where there is no vision the people perish.’
       Isaiah 9:7 ‘Of the increase of His government and peace, there will be no end, upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, to order it and establish it with judgment and justice from that time forward, even forever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.’
     Isaiah 42:13 ‘The Lord shall go forth like a mighty man; He shall stir up His zeal like a man of war.
He shall cry out, yes, shout aloud; He shall prevail against His enemies.’
     John 2:17 ‘Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.”
     We are told in Scripture to be zealous for God and good works.  This is the point where we cannot make up our own good works, but rather follow The Good Works; that of Abba Father. He redeems us to be zealous for His Torah and serve Him. He also reminds us again and again, that it was/is He who reproves us, therefore for us to be zealous towards Him and repent/teshuva back to the Word that we left.
     Titus 2:14 ‘Who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession who are zealous for good works.’
     1 Peter 3:13 ‘Now who is there to harm you if you are zealous for what is good?
     Romans 2:11 ‘Do not be slothful in zeal, be fervent in spirit, serve the Lord.’
     Revelation 3:19 ‘Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline, so be zealous and repent.’  
     God The Father is The Zealot and we are zealous for Him.

    
    


 

פִּינְחָס
Pinchas
Numbers 25:10-30:1

     Covenant of Peace ~  Brit Shalom…

     In the prior Torah portion, Pinchas is a zealous priest who kills a Midianite woman and her Israelite lover at the entranceway to the Tent of Meeting. In this portion, Pinchas is rewarded for his actions and is given the covenant of Peace and eternal Priesthood for his descendants. This parsha also has the daughters of Zelephechad, who questioned and then demanded from Moses the right to inherit land. Moses consults with God and God agrees with the women.
     The covenant of peace that is mentioned in this Torah portion is often the most overlooked and is one of the most interesting.
     Numbers 25:12 ‘Therefore say: Behold, I give him My covenant of peace." This covenant of peace preceded the Davidic covenant by several hundred years. Phineas (Pinchas in Hebrew), son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the High Priest, was zealous for the honor of God at a time when Israel was unfaithful to God and His holiness. 
      Psalm 106:28-31 states of the righteousness of Pinchas: ‘They yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor and ate sacrifices offered to lifeless gods;  they aroused the Lord’s anger by their wicked deeds,  and a plague broke out among them.  But Phinehas stood up and intervened, and the plague was checked.  This was credited to him as righteousness for endless generations to come.’ 
     The LORD promised Pinchas, and to his descendants after him, an everlasting priesthood – a covenant of peace, which would forever show His favor upon the family line of Pinchas.  We see the beginning of this in Judges 20:27-28 where Pinchas is honored by serving God before the Ark of the Covenant in the Land of Israel
     The Covenant of Peace continued through the lineage of Pinchas and his descendent, Zadok.  In 1 Chronicles 29:22, 2 Samuel 8:17 and 1 Kings 1:34  Zadok was established instead of the son of Abiathar as priest  by Solomon when he became King of Israel, and Zadok was the priest who anointed Solomon as king after his father David.   
      Ezra 7:1-6 explains that Ezra the priest, who loved the LORD and His Torah was a descendant of Zadok and of Phineas.  This covenant of peace follows the people of God.
    In Numbers, God calls the covenant of Peace His.  ‘….My covenant of peace.’ In other places in Scripture, He terms is ‘a covenant of peace.’

Isaiah 54:10 ‘For the mountains shall depart and the hills be removed, but My kindness shall not depart from you, nor shall My covenant of peace be removed,” Says the Lord, who has mercy on you.’

Ezekiel 34:25 “I will make a covenant of peace with them, and cause wild beasts to cease from the land; and they will dwell safely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods.’

Ezekiel 37:26 ‘I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. I will establish them and increase their numbers, and I will put my sanctuary among them forever.’

     In Numbers 27 the daughters of Zelophehad the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, from the families of Manasseh the son of Joseph; came before Moshe inquiring about their inheritance. God says to Moshe ‘The daughters of Zelophehad speak what is right; you shall surely give them a possession of inheritance among their father’s brothers, and cause the inheritance of their father to pass to them.’
       In Pinchas Parsha, there is first the Covenant of Peace and then there is the inheritance. The Peace and Inheritance: Yeshua explains how He is that Covenant of peace and He is the inheritance.
      John 14:27 ‘Peace I leave with you, My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.’
       Ephesians 1:11-14 ‘In Him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Messiah might be to the praise of his glory.  In Him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of His glory.’
    
Can we have one without the other?  No, we can’t. We can’t obtain the Covenant of Peace without being zealot for God, His Word and His Son. We can’t obtain the promise of the inheritance without the Son, Yeshua who is the Living Word.
     Psalm 33:12 ‘Blessed is the nation whose God is the LORD, The people whom He has chosen for His own inheritance.’
     1 Peter 1:3-4 ‘Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
    
Peace and inheritance, may they be yours.
  Baruch HaShem~ Rabbi Jay